We should not consider the
House of Saud’s approach to the Mina tragedy as the only show of
hostility toward Iran. Rather, the country’s inimical approach to Iran
started with the Islamic Revolution and has paced the gamut of proxy war
to threat to direct war.
Supporting the Saddam Hussein government during Iraq’s war with Iran, attempt to weaken Iran’s position in Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, as well as a whole lot of other policies are among the items on Saudi Arabia’s record as a hostile regional power. The following gives of summary of such actions.
Attempt to rename the Persian Gulf
One of the oldest cases of Saudi hostility toward Iran is long attempts to rename the Persian Gulf by entering the game kicked off by the UK. This was first brought forth in the 1900s by Arab media and reached its peak in the 1970s. This has got so far now that some Arab countries including Saudi Arabia now use the name Arab Gulf for the body of water, something that lacks historical backing.
Saudi hand in Bahrain cutting off from Iran
Another example of Saudi hostility toward Iran was Saudi Arabia’s interference in the Shia-settled Bahrain to cut the area off Iran. Bahrain used to be part of Iran’s soil up to the Iranian calendar year 1336 and was dissected with direct interference of the UK.
Saudi and the case of the triple Iranian islands
Saudi Arabia’s interference over the triple islands of the Greater Tunb, the Lesser Tunb, and the Abu Musa have been going on since the creation of the House of Saud, but they find special relation to the issue of Bahrain.
While Saudi Arabia supports the UAE claims on the Arabic nature of these islands, it has not made any comments on the status of the islands since the treaty of 1971 and even to the year 1992, the only year in which Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Egypt made new claims about the islands. They claimed that Iran’s act on November 30, 1971 in retaking the two tunbs and the Abu Musa from England had been an abrupt act and was done with promotional intentions.
Saudi Arabia’s full-scale enmity with the Islamic Republic of Iran
As the Islamic Republic came to power and propagated things like attempt to establish the world wide Islamic government, refute subjugation and monopoly, support the oppressed, and propagate the freedom seeking Islamic mode of thought, as well is its call to the Shiite sect, Saudi Arabia started to show signs of hostility toward Iran.
Arab propaganda, especially from conservative proponents of Saudi Arabia, about the Shiite nature of the Iranian revolution, as well as claims about lack of regard for human rights in Iran, laid great impact on the public mind in the Arab world. As a matter of fact, the Saudi proponents set up heavy barrage of propaganda against Iran in order to prevent the spread of the Iranian revolution toward their borders. They practically set a front in their Sunni regions against the Shiite revolution of Iran.
Fight on Islamic Republic’s ideals
Extensive efforts to propagate Wahhabism and educate Wahhabi clerics and dispatch them to Islamic countries is something that is supported by the clerics ruling Saudi Arabia. Relying on the oil money as well as revenues of the Hajj, the Saudi regime has invested heavily in propagating the mode of thought of the Wahhabis and their ideology. Through the idea of presenting a diluted, sublimated image of radical phenomena, the Saudi regime has tried to propagate Wahhabism and derail the pure Muhammadan Islam harbingered by the Islamic republic of Iran.
Cooperation with the US in the Tabas attack
America’s Tabas invasion, also called Operation Eagle Claw (or Operation Evening Light or Operation Rice Bowl) was a United States Armed Forces operation ordered by US President Jimmy Carter to attempt to end the Iran hostage crisis by rescuing 52 diplomats held captive at the embassy of the United States, Tehran on 24 April 1980. Its failure, and the humiliating public debacle that ensued, damaged US prestige worldwide. Carter himself blamed his loss in the 1980 US presidential election mainly on his failure to win the release of U.S. hostages held captive in Iran.
The operation encountered many obstacles and was eventually aborted. Eight helicopters were sent to the first staging area, Desert One, but only five arrived in operational condition. One encountered hydraulic problems, another got caught in a cloud of very fine sand, and the last one showed signs of a cracked rotor blade. During planning it was decided that the mission would be aborted if fewer than six helicopters remained, despite only four being absolutely necessary. In a move that is still discussed in military circles, the commanders asked President Carter for permission to abort and Carter granted the request.
Much later, Brzezinski narrated parts of the plan and pointed to the cooperation of Egypt and some other countries.
Disrespect for Iranian Hajj pilgrims
In the Iranian year 1320, the Iranian government had banned Iranian from making the hajj pilgrimage. Despite that, some Iranian had made it to Mecca undercover. Two years later something happened which cut political ties between Iran and Saudi Arabia. That was the murder of an Iranian pilgrim named Abuteleb Yazdi before the eyes of the public. He who had vomited in the Kabba for bad health, had been arrested by the infamous Saudi police called al Shurtah and in the end was beheaded with the charge of having spoilt the house of God.
In response to protests by the Iranian Foreign Ministry, the Saudi Foreign Ministry had said that if it weren’t for God’s mercy, many Iranians must have been killed there. It had also called the Iranian pilgrims act as one of war with God, justifying his death sentence by referring to a verse in the Quran.