When the Pahlavi regime reached its peak of drunkenness in the shadow of tyranny and oppression, the Iranian society showed special reactions in this period that these reactions were not hidden from the eyes of the courtiers. Dissatisfaction, the formation of the Islamic Revolution and the defeat of the Pahlavi dynasty were the final link in the political situation during the Pahlavi regime. Signs of decline began to appear in the eye in the mid-1970, and even those who were close to the court could feel it.
Irdc.ir: When the Pahlavi regime reached its peak of drunkenness in the shadow of tyranny and oppression, the Iranian society showed special reactions in this period that these reactions were not hidden from the eyes of the courtiers. Dissatisfaction, the formation of the Islamic Revolution and the defeat of the Pahlavi dynasty were the final link in the political situation during the Pahlavi regime. Signs of decline began to appear in the eye in the mid-1970, and even those who were close to the court could feel it. Mino Samimi was one of these courtiers:
''Almost every day I come across cases that show, the growing disconnect between the people and the ruling regime. The process had reached a point where some people, fearlessly, in the presence of others, were speaking ill of the regime and criticizing the corruption and immoral behavior of the Shah's family.''
And the same thing from Parviz Raji: ''For a while, I and others like me believed in the propaganda that was prevalent in the country, and our idea, or perhaps our dream, was that suddenly a miracle would happen and everything would change overnight. But now we feel that all those fantasies and aspirations are nothing but dreams and fantasies and turning Iran into "the fifth industrial power in the world!" It also sounds ridiculous. The truth is that we have a backward country and uncivilized people".
And the continuation of this in the structure of the armed forces in the writings of Abbas Qarabaghi:
"The most important cause of dissatisfaction in the Shahanshahi Armed Forces in recent years Were the two issues of financial misconduct and non-compliance with law and justice, in personnel matters and welfare and social issues." The reaction of the people to the actions of the Pahlavi government can be clearly seen in the memoirs of Fereydoun Hoveida:
''But the people of the lower classes could never value the actions of a regime led by the Shah who had freed his friends and relatives to confidently take over all the affairs of the country and simply think of filling their pockets. In this case, even the affluent classes were often openly criticizing the Shah's behavior and political positions. Overall, the situation had reached a point where the shadow of dictatorship was spreading to all aspects of society; Every undesirable issue was seen everywhere and everyone attributed it to the Shah. And this is the point that can clearly reveal the main reason for the public hatred of Iranians for the Shah in 1978.''
Again, similar descriptions by Parviz Raji:
''On November 2 ,1978t he rapid social and economic leaps of the last two decades have given us hope that soon, in Iranian society, we will see the emergence of factors of stability and stimulating a sense of responsibility in people. But with the announcement of the policy of open political space, because the issue of the effects of the people's dissatisfaction was not so much considered, therefore, the Iranian political organization was not very strong, [society] suffered severe losses and injuries.''
Abdolmajid Majidi has similar views to Raji, but in other areas:
Our problem was that the institutions of the country were not working properly. The foundation of the constitutional government was not working properly. That is, the parliament was not a real parliament that acted in accordance with the constitution. Our judiciary was not a judiciary that functioned as the so-called constitution, independently and with power. Our government, which was the executive branch, did not have the executive power it should and perhaps did. Do you pay attention? This political structure, this institution that had to function properly, did not exist. As a result, there was no group change in government. As a result, there was no group change that should exist in the government in this sense that sometimes one group goes and another group come.When a member of parliament speaks, he or she is saying something that people are saying, but people did not trust to this structure anymore.''
Assadollah Alam had predicted the Islamic Revolution earlier than the others:
''Anything can happen. The internal situation is not so quiet and people are deeply dissatisfied. People want something more than just economic prosperity; they want justice, social cohesion and the right to have a voice on political matters.''
And the last part of the Pahlavi regime's case was a nationwide uprising. The courtiers' narration of this uprising is readable. Parviz Raji wrote about this:
'' (December 31, 1978) today, as the month of Muharram began in Iran, uprising of the people to overthrow the Shah took on a new form. Thousands of people shouted" Allah Akbar "from rooftops and into alleys to protest against curfews, and police opened fire on them."
The story of the last months of the Pahlavi regime, written by Fereydoun Hoveyda, is considerable: "From the beginning of January 1978, the general strike had paralyzed all the affairs of the country. The closure of the central bank had caused a slump of all monetary transfers. Most shops were closed. Every day, tens of thousands of people lined up for hours at oil outlets to get their fuel rations. Various demonstrations continued and the sound of gunfire was not stopping for a moment."
And in the continuation of the description of those days:"On January 17, 1979, a few minutes after the announcement of the Shah's departure from Iran by radio, almost all the people of Tehran took to the streets and, shouting, "The Shah is gone," turned the city into a carnival of joy. People started hugging each other. The cars were honking in a row. The spontaneous joy of the crowd was so unexpected that it was surprising for every outside observer. All the people were treating the soldiers like brothers. A group of demonstrators tore down statues of the Shah and his father while chanting slogans. Our party is the party of God, Khomeini is our leader; "Victory is with the Islamic Republic, after Shah it is Bakhtiar's turn."
On the same day, the people of different cities of Iran, like the people of Tehran, celebrated the Shah's departure from the country with great joy, while declaring their hatred of the Shah. All in one voice in Iran shouted long live Islamic Republic of Iran.
And the end of the work according to Fereydoun Hoveyda:"On December 20, 1978, millions of Iranians marched in the streets of Tehran and other cities, shouting "Death to the Shah" At the end of the demonstration, the people of Tehran, in a resolution issued, pledged to continue their struggle until the establishment of the government of the Islamic Republic in Iran, while declaring the Bakhtiar government illegal, and asked him and members of parliament and members of the Royal Council to resign from their position."
And the end of the story by Mino Samimi"Bakhtiar, in front of a crowd of millions, had the support of only a small group among the middle classes. Because when Bakhtiar's supporters held a demonstration in his favor, the presence of over two thousand men and women in the latest Western fashion at the demonstration showed everyone that Bakhtiar has little base among the people and one can never hope for the future of his government.
Thus ended 53 years of inefficient and reckless rule over a large and powerful country, until the beginning of another era, not of the past, but of the type of faith and righteous deeds, will be revealed, and compensates the years of backwardness by the hands of the owners of this land.