Reza Shah pursued a reformist policy since the very beginning of his rule. This policy was implemented through consultation with westernized advisors, who were devoid of any basic and indigenous mindset. As a result, there was an inevitable and serious confrontation between these policies and Islamic values. In addition, Reza Shah was essentially a person who did not believe in these values. Reza Shah’s reforms were actually based on three pillars:
nationalism; modernism; and concentration of power. De-Islamization and confrontation with Shiite clerics were definite consequences of these reforms.