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News ID: 179
Based on historical documents we know that the United Kingdom put Reza Khan to power to achieve its goals namely oppressing the tribes, oil depredation, keeping Iran as a backward country, signing international contract to the detriment of the country.
Publish Date : 08:17 - 2020 December 20

Irdc: Based on historical documents we know that the United Kingdom put Reza Khan to power to achieve its goals namely oppressing the tribes, oil depredation, keeping Iran as a backward country, signing international contract to the detriment of the country. The following text reviews the UK malignancy towards Iranians during Reza Khan era.


Protecting UK interests by putting Reza Khan to power

The English tried to stage a coup in order to put him to power. Ardeshir Reporter has written in his testament: ".... By order of Ministery of War in London and the Crown Prince in India, the collaboration between General Ironside and I began. I took credit for Reza Khan's opinions about Qazaq Force and I finally introduced him to Ironside... He and Reza Khan met repeatedly and it lead to UK support for staging the coup".

Qouting from Hasan Azam Qudsi, a fourth National Consultative Assembly member: "I was in touch with UK Consulate in Mashhad. I went to them after the coup and asked about their purpose. The Consulate General answered: after the failure of 1919 Anglo-Persian agreement, we had a lot of plans for Iran". And then he mentions oppressing the tribes, oil depredation, opposing the clerics, Mourning of Muharram prohibition and other policies of Reza Khan era.


keeping Iran as a backward country

UK tried to keep Iran as a backward country. Abd-olHossain Ansari, an informed Pahlavi authority declares that: "The English authorities were always against any reforms in Iran and they didn't want Iran to be improve and become a developed country. They wanted Iran to always remain desolated... They disagreed with any moves we wanted to make to prevent our oil resources manipulation. They wanted to maintain the Capituasion in Iran and didn't accept the repudiation of the concessions taken by force or collusion. They had the Imperial Bank of Persia and intended to take control of Iran's financial and economical destiny. They wanted to rule over us".


Oppressing the tribes

Reza Khan initiated the sedentarization with military strikes on the tribes of Lorestan, Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahamd, Fars, Baluchestan, Kurdistan, Azirbayejan, Khorasan and Khuzestan and massacred them. Afterwards, a UK embassy ally thanked Reza Khan for the sedentarization military operation. He stated that: "Before oppressing the tribes, we had to bribe thousands of them, and even then we didn't succeed, and if we did, we didn't get much. But today, with you, there is no need to bribe thousands of people anymore".


The oil depredation

There are many documents about Iran's oil depredation following 1933 Agreement, which extended the life of D'arcy concession by an additional 30 years.

The World Bank report reveals that: "The Anglo-Persian Oil Company didn't fullfill its commitments in D'arcy concession, and managed to make changes to the concession in 1933 agreement, and deprived Iran from earning 1.2 billion dollars".

Signing the 1933 Agreement was the worst betrayal a government could have done to his people, to protect the outsiders' interests.


Saadabad Pact of 1937

The experts believe that UK was the main director of the Saadabad Pact. They wanted to draw a steely circle around the Soviet Union, so they brought Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Afqanistan to sign this pact. The pact was politically and financialy to the detriment of Iran and to the advantage of Iraq, Afqanistan and Turkey, because a part of Ararat Highlands with an important strategic position was given to Turkey. In establishment of the border line between Iran and Iraq, Reza Shah gave the oil resources of the west and the half of Shatt al-Arab to Iraq, so Iran had to pay a large amount of money to Iraq (Protectorate of UK) for the transit of oil tankers from Abadan.

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Tags: markaz asnad ، pahlavi ، reza shah ، uk
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