News ID: 232
According to Dr. Yang, the issue of the duality of the Guardianship of the Oilfields posed serious problems, He hoped to be able to persuade the lords to abandon the old tradition and appoint one person as the head of the guards.
Publish Date : 08:46 - 2021 July 13 The dangerous element beyond the power of the Sardar-e-Jang was the successive change of governments in Tehran, especially this fact that the Khans were not popular because of their performance, especially this fact that the Khans were not popular because of their performance. For example, Dr. Yang pointed to Sardar Zafar, who instructed the bakers in Isfahan to pay a daily tax of one toman, which is equivalent to 53 lira per day, 1590 lira per month, and 19080 lira per budget year.

However, some changes were needed to oust the Khans from power. In this case, the problem in the Bakhtiari region was that by leaving the Khans out of the administration, if they decided to return to their homeland, all government powers would naturally have been returned to them, in which case no one knew what would happen. Because the lords in their private negotiations had discussed the theory that if they were expelled from Tehran, they would create an independent province centered on Isfahan.
Of course, by then the warlord was obliged to do well because of the reciprocal agreements he had signed with the British embassy, and Young hoped that he would retain his position for some time. 

because any negligence on his part could have led to his disgrace and expulsion.If there was a conflict or any unforeseen risk that required active countermeasures to be responded to, these measures should had been taken by the government. Because in the previous cases when Reynolds had pressured the British consul to restore order to bring the necessary guards (Indian Oil Guard in 1907) to the region, the British side had to pay for this action.Whereas if retaliatory measures were taken by the Iranian government, the cost would be paid by the Iranian government. Especially in similar cases, such as the oil fields in Russia, the Russian government itself had to pay compensation and provide the necessary protection for oil companies.

Young feared that if the pumping of oil into the pipelines began and something happened to the oil pipelines, Britain's local allies, Sheikh Khazal and Bakhtiari Khans, would not be able to do much.

The correctness of Yang's views and predictions about the inability to prevent accidents or help effectively compensate for them, practically during the First World War in 1915/1333 AH and the explosion in the oil pipelines, which lasted about 3.5 months of oil transportation. Stopped, proved.

The security and peace that the British were trying to bring to their full potential in the oil fields were not provided; As far as Walter Tunley, the British Secretary of State in Tehran, paved the way for the arrival of a 21-member Indian cavalry unit called the British Consulate Guard in Ahvaz from India Because the British government's interest in electing a five-year warlord to the patriarchate and creating security and stability in the Bakhtiari region had failed. On the other hand, the British gradually distanced themselves from the warlord because of the warlord's insistence on maintaining neutrality in the war and his closeness to Wasmus, the German deputy consul in Bushehr, and disputes between Sardar-e- Jang and Sheikh Khazal And the position of the Iranian government, which was also under the influence of the Bakhtiaris in those days, could not have been a specific and effective position.

At the same time, in late 1912, Charles Greenway, CEO of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, wrote a letter to the State Department. He demanded from the government to decide whether the oil company should supply fuel to the British navy if the ships' fuel was changed from coal to oil. He wrote: "...Has any decision been made by Her Majesty's Government in this regard or not, because the company has now reached the production stage and Warehouses are being filled with fuel.

In his view, the British-Iranian oil company, instead of causing problems in the region, had a clear calming effect in that part of Iran (the oil-rich regions) and all the profits that came to the inhabitants of that region through the activities of the oil company, had brought peace and tranquility to the region; Peace and tranquility that the Iranian government was not able to create elsewhere.

Greenway argued that the Navy's request to change fuel from coal to oil and to supply the desired fuel through Iran's oil resources was not due to its desire to increase the British government's political responsibilities to the oil company, rather, the navy sought to ensure that order was restored in southern Iran to protect British interests in the region.

Sir Percy Cox, the British Political Representative in the Persian Gulf and the British Consul General in Persia emphasized in letters the existence of reliable oil resources to meet the needs of the Royal Navy:" We are confident that oil resources will be sufficient to meet the needs of the Royal Navy in places where their presence is essential to control and protect the region."

Thus, the existence of oil resources and the need for the British navy to supply oil in the event of a change in the ships' fuel from coal to oil, as well as the Russian government's efforts to infiltrate the Bakhtiari region, made the British sensitive to their relations with the Bakhtiari Khans and the protection of oil fields. This sensitivity prompted the British government to reassure the extent to which the khans were loyal to their commitments. This was manifested in the form of the contract of 1916/1334 AH.

Send to friends
Send Comment