News ID: 242
On October 26, 1963, the cabinet of Amirasdollah Alam received a vote of confidence from the National Assembly. Alam had formed a cabinet on July 19, 1962, one day after the dismissal of Dr. Ali Amini by the Shah.
Publish Date : 14:57 - 2021 November 07 On October 26, 1963, the cabinet of Amirasdollah Alam received a vote of confidence from the National Assembly. Alam had formed a cabinet on July 19, 1962, one day after the dismissal of Dr. Ali Amini by the Shah. He resigned once on October 22, 1963, according to a parliamentary custom, and was re-appointed to form the cabinet. On November 27 and 30 of the same year, he received a vote of confidence from the National Assembly and the Senate. But finally, on March 8, 1964, he resigned from his position by the order of the Shah and was replaced by Hassan Ali Mansour, the secretary general of the "Iran Novin Party". Assadollah Alam was a tame and completely obedient to the Shah's orders during his twenty months as prime minister. His cabinet members were often those who collaborated with the British and Americans in the coup of August 19, 1953. During this period, the Shah, while fully controlling the army, SAVAK and law enforcement, pursued Washington's reform plan without concern.

Assadollah Alam, son of Mohammad Ibrahim Khan Alam (Shaukat al-Molk) Amir Ghaenat, was born in 1919 in Birjand. He studied in Birjand and Tehran and graduated from Karaj Faculty of Agriculture. After the death of his father, he became the ruler of Sistan and Baluchestan. In the government of Mohammad Saed, he became the Minister of Interior and in the restoration of this cabinet, he was appointed to the Ministry of Agriculture. He also held the same position in the government of Rajabali Mansour and was appointed to the Ministry of Labour in the Razmara government. During the coup d'état of August 19, 1953, Alam played an active role, and after the coup, according to General Fardoust, "played a major role in the removal of General Zahedi from the post of Prime Minister." With the coming to power of Hussein Alaa, he reached the Ministry of Interior and in 1957 he was elected as the secretary general of the People's Party and he was in this party until October 1960 and a year later he was appointed as the CEO of the Pahlavi Foundation.

The most important events of his prime ministership were the approval of the draft of the state and provincial councils, the protest of the clergy and the cancellation of this bill, the referendum on the 6th of Bahman, as well as the suppression of the uprising of June 6, 1963 and the deportation of Imam Khomeini. In addition to the above events, he planned and managed the 21st term of the National Assembly and the fourth term of the Senate after two years.

Assadollah Alam was appointed to the Ministry of the Court on November 12, 1966, and held this position for eleven years until August 9, 1977, when he was hospitalized in an American hospital due to leukemia. The coronation of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the 2,500_ year celebration of the Persian Empire took place during his court ministry. After Alam's illness, the Shah left him out and appointed Amir Abbas Hoveyda as the court minister.

When Assadollah Alam died on April 14, 1978, the Pahlavi regime still did not seem to be in a desperate position and seemed to have the necessary political, economic and military strength to survive. But Assadollah Alam, who had spent many years of his life in the country's political scene, especially after his appointment to the ministry of the court - which after the Shah, played a key role in the country's policy - More than anyone else, he was aware of the course of the country's political and economic problems and the dangers facing the Pahlavi regime. For this reason, at least since he was appointed Minister of the Court, he has been constantly concerned about the situation of the Pahlavi regime and the dangers that threatened it. Despite his relentless efforts to maintain the power of the Pahlavi regime, he was fully aware that the ruling system of the country is a politically and economically backward system, and in order for its political life to continue, more careful action and political reforms must be made. Alam himself witnessed the collapse of political systems similar to the Pahlavi regime around the world. On the other hand, in a superficial comparison between the political system in power in Iran and other political systems, one could easily be aware of the fragility of the situation in Iran. That is why, especially in his private writings, some of which he sometimes talked to the Shah about, he followed the political and social developments of the country with a state of fear.

Of course, the course of political events in the country also proved the validity of Assadollah Alam's concern and fear shortly after his death. Alam died on April 14, 1978. Nine months later, the Shah fled the country, and a month later the monarchy collapsed.

Alam, who was a very close friend and confidant of the secrets of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, has left secret notes. These notes contain reports on the status of the Pahlavi court and the Shah's personality, his disregard for the country's problems, the courtiers' corruption and their moral deviations, the thefts and financial losses of the royal family, and others on the list of reasons for the revolution against the Pahlavi dynasty.

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