IRDC.IR: Many political analysts and experts believe that islamic revolution resulted in US power failure in international politics. This document is an overview of us failures in Iran.
General Huyser's coup d'etat
With signs of Pahlavi dynasty's fall appearing, US tried to take control of affairs by sending General Huyser to Iran and attempting a coup. Huyser came to Tehran with top secret plans in Jan 4. 1979.
Brzezinski explicitly says that US plan for sending Huyser, was to stage a coup shortly after Mohammadreza Pahlavi left Iran. When Imam Khomeini entered the country in Feb 1. 1979, planning for coup d'etat was pursued more seriously in US political society.
When the news of military coup spread, Imam Khomeini made an announcement, claiming illegitimacy of the martial law. People came in the streets and blocked them so the militaries couldn't breakthrough. In such a short notice, military base, prime minister's office and... was surrounded by the revolutionaries and gradually the coup failed. After a while, Huyser left Iran.
US largest failure in Iran
Iran's Islamic revolution in February 1979 was one of the most important US failures in Iran, as Brzezinski believes that they've passed their "national power and prestige".
German newspaper Spiegel also declared: " once US could decide who rules Iran, but today in 1980, an ayatollah in Tehran has the ability to determine the destiny of US presidential election.
US discredit through takeover of US embassy in Iran (now called as US Den of Espionage (
It was first years of the revolution when students following Imam Khomeini took over US embassy in Tehran and ended up this nest of spies' life.
The first consequence of embassy takeover in Iran was US humiliation in the world. After the takeover took place, Hertzberg, Carter's speechwriter stated: " I am worried and I feel were slipping down and even some claim that we're trapped in a dead end". Cyrus Vance also calls the takeover "beginning of a painful story for American nation"
Hamilton Jordan thinks that Americans were humiliated after the takeover.
US dreadful failure in Tabas
In April 25. 1980, Americans landed their forces in Tabas but suddenly they faced a terrible defeat. Sand storm caused the military planes and helicopters crash. So US had to bear another failure. This was so bitter for US that Brzezinski, Carter's national security advisor says that this was one of the three main reasons of Carter's Carter's failure and it led to a national disappointment. And he says there's no need to mention that failed Tabas operation was the most bitter failure and heartbreak for him during his whole time of serving in the white house. Former US president Richard Nickson also believes that with failing to rescue American hostages, US was badly humiliated.
William Sullivan, US last ambassador in Tehran also thinks of US failure in Tabas as the beginning of the national humiliation time for Americans.
Translated by: Roya Jalali